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Diabetes in Children

  • Type 1 diabetes makes up approximately 95% of childhood diabetes, and the incidence is increasing in children aged < 5 years.
  • The initial presentation in approximately 25% of cases will be diabetic ketoacidosis (hyperglycaemia, metabolic acidosis, and ketonaemia) of which approximately 79% initially see their general practitioner.
  • Type 2 diabetes is growing with the increased incidence in obesity.
  • It is difficult to diagnose in preschool and younger children, as the typical symptoms may not be present or communicated.
  • Children who have established diabetes are managed by specialised diabetic services.